Hi, My Name Is Ralph Bass...This Is My Library
As we consider a philosophy of counseling, we find that there are four basic philosophies of counseling available to the pastoral counselor. They are:

1) The philosophy of psychologists and counselors who advocate a secular humanist or cosmic humanist world-view in problem solving (but not a Christian one).

2) Standard methods of pastoral counseling, which normally mediate Carl Rogers through liberal or neo-orthodox theology. These are common to certain segments of liberal Christianity.

3) Evangelicals, typified by Clyde Narramore, promote either a Freudian or
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Philosophy of Counseling

an eclectic point of view, in mixture with some Christian ideas; they are a major player in the game. 

4) An orthodox Christian position that views counseling as “practical theology.” This is another option for the pastor/counselor.

It is the last option with which the author identifies himself. This option sees the Scripture as providing the believer everything needed for “life and godliness” (II Peter 1:3).

So, whereas the first three philosophies provide the pastor with options that are eclectic in reference to the authority of scripture, the last sees the scripture alone as necessary for every good work (II Timothy 3:16), including, if not especially, the work of counseling.

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